Orissa Tribe





    As the keepers of Orissa Tribe's heritage in mountainous district, out of sight, they have been still carried on their own tradition and culture.These communities are focus of interest for not only historians but social scientists and antropologs.

Ethnologists, who are not agree yet about who were living before Aryans in India 2000 years ago.The most common thesis is;  the first residential communities who were driven to inner of jungles by invaders, are indians.


In fact, they had been isolated from other areas of country, they could  continue their tradition and culture.But today, unfortunately, after the exploring this territory, some expedient groups and governments' developing programs causing their culture and customs are being disappeared.For all that, some of these tribes had adhered their life style tightly.Orissa tribes are the best samples to them.These tribes are leaving intensively in Karaput district.Their population nearly one third of the country.Some major tribes of them are Bonda, Gadaba and Kond.


In Orissa province, different 62 tribals communities are comprising the most crowded population.These tribals groups are living in East Gat district.


This clan economy mainly based on activities at environments of forrest.Their life resources are gathering, fishing and hunting.Some larger groups of them like Santal, Munda, and Gond started agriculture anymore.Distinctively, Bondo, Saura and Darua tribes are doing alternately cultivating.Koya tribes engaged in animal husbandry in case.

Mohali and Lohanas are real creative communities with their exceptional handbaskets and handmade tools.


Even though their economy is shaky, they keep enjoyment depending on their rich life in the past with specially their colorful musics and rhythmic dances.Up to their culture and tradition, they have many opportunities for celebration in their daily life; so, they do these thankfully and merrily.Changes of Seasons, solemnities and their believes about magnificent strengths are their essential factors for colorful festival celebrations.

Kemal Kaya

*Translated by Güneşper Işıksu